Thursday, 27 October 2016

CASE 454 - The history of music - part 3 / 1900's to 1950

Please take a look at this webpage, it has every genre of music ever created from start to finish

!900's to 1950

1880s-1890s phonograph (thank you, Edison!) starts growing in popularity; Louis Glass installs the first coin-operated one; predecessor to jukebox

sheet music becoming less expensive; booming sales of Scott Joplin's "Maple Leaf Rag"; ragtime flourishes in Storyville, LA (written in 2/4 + trio section; not improvised like jazz) 1900-1910s 1900: "His Master's Voice" est. by E.R. Johnson; cylinder phonograph co. // beginnings of vaudeville musical theatre // Symphony Hall built in Boston, MA

1902: Ferdinand Joseph "Jelly Roll" Norton (17) started playing in New Orleans; "father of the jazz piano" // Claude Debussy introduces impressionism to music through his opera, "Pelléas and Mélisande" in Paris // pianola released by the Aeolian Co.

1903: "Walker and Williams in Dahomey" becomes first African-American Broadway production // Wilbur Sweatman records "Maple Leaf Rag"

1905: Harvard U grants first PhD in Music

1906: victrola gramophone introduced by Victor Talking Machine Co.; wildly popular 'til 1920s The Roaring Twenties aftermath of WWI; rising popularity in musical culture/Broadway // increased fascination with notion of modernity & breaking from "old" traditions // Chicago becomes jazz capital

Golden Age of radio; mass broadcasting; record companies in decline

Harlem Renaissance + the age of jazz: Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, King Oliver 1900-1910s 1907: Florenz Ziegfield launches "Ziegfield Follies," setting standard for Broadway shows ("current topics, comic routines...the ever-present gorgeous girls")

1909: gvt. passes Copyright Act, "to secure royalties for composers on the sale of recordings and public performances" // first usage of "jazz" in newspaper

1911: creation of the "barbershop quartet"

1913: Apollo Theatre opens in NY

1915: Jelly Roll Morton creates "Jelly Roll Blues," becomes known as the first jazz composer

1916: "When the Saints Go Marching In" published in a Baptist hymnal

1919: Prohibition takes a stand; may have helped further the development/refinement of jazz music 1930s-1940s Swing/Crooner era: Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Benny Goodman

jazz still in full "swing," notable female artists: Ella Fitzgerald + Billie Holiday

rise of country/"hillbilly" music: Roy Rogers; became integrated into films // honky-tonk: fused Western swing + blues; melancholy themes 1950s classic pop: Patti Page ("Tennessee Waltz," "[How Much Is That] Doggie in the Window?")

1950: Little Richard dominated music scene with introduction of R&B ("Tutti Frutti," "Long Tall Sally"

latter 1950s: Rock'n'Roll; namely, Elvis Presley, Pat Boone (first teen idol) Bibliography

"1920's Music." The 1920's - Roaring Twenties. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. .

"Jazz Culture: The 1920s." American Jazz Culture in the 1920s. University of Minnesota Duluth , n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. .

"Musical Trends of the 1930s and 1940s."Music in 1930s and 1940s America. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. .

"The History of Recorded Music." Music CD Industry. IFPI, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. .

Estrella, Espie. "Music of the 20th Century - 1900 to 1960." Music Education., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. .

Scaruffi, Piero . " A History of the Musical." History of Popular Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. . ""Jelly Roll" Morton." Southern Music Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. .

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