Friday, 30 November 2012

CASE 430 - The history of music - Part 1 / 1100's to the 1800

Please take a look at this webpage, it has every genre of music ever created from start to finish

The years 1100's to the 1800's

This is a list of the commercially relevant genres in modern and old music. Music has been around since the human discovered he could make a sound by hitting something, as time went on we improved and came up with new ways of making man made sounds, from roughly the 1100's up until the 1800's it was manly Classical, orchestral and opera music.

European music is largely distinguished from many other non-European and popular musical forms by its system of staff notation, in use since about the 16th century. Western staff notation is used by composers to prescribe to the performer the pitch, speed, meter, individual rhythms and exact execution of a piece of music. The term "classical music" did not appear until the early 19th century, in an attempt to "canonize" the period from Johann Sebastian Bach to Beethoven as a golden age. The earliest reference to "classical music" recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary is from about 1836.

The classical years

he major time divisions of classical music are the early music period, which includes Medieval (500–1400) and Renaissance (1400–1600), the Common practice period, which includes the Baroque (1600–1750), Classical (1750–1830) and Romantic (1804–1949) periods, and the modern and contemporary period, which includes 20th century (1900–2000) and contemporary (1975–current). The dates are generalizations, since the periods overlapped and the categories are somewhat arbitrary. For example, the use of counterpoint and fugue, which is considered characteristic of the Baroque era, was continued by Haydn, who is classified as typical of the Classical period. Beethoven, who is often described as a founder of the Romantic period, and Brahms, who is classified as Romantic, also used counterpoint and fugue, but other characteristics of their music define their period. The prefix neo is used to describe a 20th century or contemporary composition written in the style of an earlier period, such as Classical or Romantic. Stravinsky's Pulcinella, for example, is a neoclassical composition because it is stylistically similar to works of the Classical period.

Historical timeline of important events in musical history

1360 - Guillaume de Machaut composes Messe de Nostre Dame, the first complete polyphonic ordinary of the mass

1483 - Johannes Ockeghem completes Requiem

1501 - publication of Harmonice Musices Odhecaton by Ottaviano Petrucci, the first printed collection of polyphonic music

1538 - printing of the first Protestant hymn-book, Ein Hubsch new Gesangbuch; publication of the first book of madrigals by Maddalena Casulana, the first printed book of music by a woman in European history.

1580 - Appearance of three Fantasias for viol consort by William Byrd. Founding of Concerto delle donne under the direction of Luzzasco Luzzaschi: Consisting of women voices, this group becomes a significant part of Alfonso II d'Este's court entertainment.

1597 - John Dowland's First Book of Lute Songs; Dafne, the first known opera

1664 - Heinrich Schutz completes Weihnachtstorie

1685 - Birth of: Johann Sebastian Bach and Georg Friedrich Häendel (German composers, organists and harpsichordists); Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer and harpsichordist

1710 - Agrippina by Handel, premieres in Venice

1711 - Rinaldo by Handel, premieres in London, the first all-Italian opera performed in London

1720 - Rinaldo by Handel, premieres in London, the first all-Italian opera performed in London

1722 - Johann Sebastian Bach finishes the Book I from The Well-Tempered Clavier, Traité de l'harmonie by Jean-Philippe Rameau causes a revolution in music theory.

1723 - Vivaldi composes The Seasons

1724 - Giulio Cesare by George Frideric Handel premières in London, Johann Sebastian Bach presents his St John Passion

1725 - publication of Twelve concerti, Op. 8 by Antonio Vivaldi, including the Four Seasons - Death of Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer

1741 - Bach's Goldberg Variations are published

1742 - première of Messiah by George Frideric Handel, in Dublin

1749 - Bach's Mass in B Minor premiere

1750 - Johann Sebastian Bach dies, Antonio Salieri born

1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart born

1759 - George Frideric Handel dies

1770 - Ludwig van Beethoven born

1785 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composes his Piano Concerto No. 21

1787 - Mozart's Don Giovanni

1789 - Mozart's Così fan tutte

1791 - Mozart's Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute); death of Mozart

1795 - First Beethoven Piano Sonatas written

1797 - Birth of Franz Schubert, Austrian composer and pianist and Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, Italian opera composer

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