Monday, 12 December 2011
CASE 370 - 2011 - The year that was
2011 (MMXI) is the current year, which is a common year that started on a Saturday. In the Gregorian calendar, it is the 2011th year of the Common Era (CE) and the Anno Domini (AD) designation; the 11th year of the 3rd millennium and of the 21st century; and the 2nd of the 2010s decade.
5 richest people of 2011
1. Carlos Slim Helú
2. Bill Gates
3. Warren Edward Buffett
4. Bernard Arnault
5. Lawrence Ellison
Top 5 richest companies of 2010
(Arkansas, USA) $421.21 Bn $14.33 Bn + 7.0% 2,100,000
2. Exxon Mobil
(Texas, USA) $370.65 Bn $19.28 Bn - 57.4 % 102,700
3. Royal Dutch Shell
(The Hauge, Netherlands) $368.12 Bn $12.51 Bn - 52.4% 101,000
(London, UK) $297.13 Bn $16.57 Bn - 21.6% 80,300
Major disasters, stories, facts, events of 2011
1) Japan earthquake - March 11 – A 9.1-magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the east of Japan, killing 15,840 and leaving another 3,926 missing. Tsunami warnings are issued in 50 countries and territories. Emergencies are declared at four nuclear power plants affected by the quake. Japan is deeply polluted and has lots of radioactive waste and pollution.
Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said, "In the 65 years after the end of World War II, this is the toughest and the most difficult crisis for Japan." The Japanese National Police Agency confirmed 15,840 deaths, 5,950 injured, and 3,642 people missing across eighteen prefectures, as well as over 125,000 buildings damaged or destroyed. The earthquake and tsunami caused extensive and severe structural damage in Japan, including heavy damage to roads and railways as well as fires in many areas, and a dam collapse. Around 4.4 million households in northeastern Japan were left without electricity and 1.5 million without water. Many electrical generators were taken down, and at least three nuclear reactors suffered explosions due to hydrogen gas that had built up within their outer containment buildings after cooling system failure. Residents within a 20 km (12 mi) radius of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant and a 10 km (6.2 mi) radius of the Fukushima II Nuclear Power Plant were evacuated. In addition, the U.S. recommended that its citizens evacuate up to 80 km (50 mi) of the plant
2) Civil war in Libya and gaddafi - March 17 – The United Nations Security Council votes 10-0 to create a no-fly zone over Libya in response to allegations of government aggression against civilians.
March 19 – In light of continuing attacks on Libyan rebels by forces in support of leader Muammar Gaddafi, military intervention authorized under UNSCR 1973 begins as French fighter jets make reconnaissance flights over Libya.
October 20 - Former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is killed in Sirte, with National Transitional Council forces taking control of the city, and ending the war.
3) British Royal wedding - April 29 – An estimated two billion people watch the wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine Middleton at Westminster Abbey in London.
4) Unproven Death of Osama Bin laden - May 1 – U.S. President Barack Obama announces that Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant group Al-Qaeda, has been killed during an American military operation in Pakistan.
5) Norway killings - July 22 – 76 people are killed in twin terrorist attacks in Norway after a bombing in the Regjeringskvartalet (the government center in Oslo) and a shooting at a political youth camp in the island of Utøya.
The first was a car bomb explosion in Oslo within Regjeringskvartalet, the executive government quarter of Norway, at 15:25:22 (CEST). The car bomb was placed outside the office of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg and other government buildings. The explosion killed eight people and wounded several others, with more than 10 people critically injured.
The second attack occurred less than two hours later at a summer camp on the island of Utøya in Tyrifjorden, Buskerud. The camp was organized by AUF, the youth division of the ruling Norwegian Labour Party. A gunman dressed in an authentic looking police uniform and showing false identification gained access to the island and subsequently opened fire at the participants, killing 69 attendees, including personal friends of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg and the stepbrother of Norway's crown princess Mette-Marit. This makes it the deadliest attack in Norway since World War II.
6) Banking system collapse - October 27 – After an emergency meeting in Brussels, the European Union announced an agreement to tackle the European sovereign debt crisis which includes a writedown of 50% of Greek bonds, a recapitalisation of European banks and an increase of the bailout fund of the European Financial Stability Facility totaling to €1 trillion.
May 16 – The European Union agree to €78 billion rescue deal for Portugal. The bailout loan will be equally split between the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, the European Financial Stability Facility, and the International Monetary Fund
September - Occupy wall street and the world begins, tents, protests, small gatherings and riots happen across the globe, causing desair and panic across Europe and parts of the world
7) Turkey Earthquake - October 23 – A magnitude 7.2 Mw earthquake jolted eastern Turkey near the city of Van, killing over 582 people, and damaging about 2,200 buildings
8) 7 Billion people - October 31 – Date selected by the UN as the symbolic date when global population reaches seven billion.