Monday, 8 November 2010
CASE 161 - The Independent Order of B'nai B'rith - ADL
B'nai B'rith International / bəˌneɪ ˈbrɪθ / בני ברית, "Sons of the Covenant" is the oldest continually operating Jewish service organization in the world.
That order is the B'nai B'rith; its purpose to serve as defenders of the faith of the oligarchy against the threat of Neoplatonic humanism.
The official history of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, the parent cult to the "Jewish" Masonic order of B'nai B'rith, testifies to the built-in, viciously antireligious bias of the Rite's cultist outlook, and the so-called Jewish influence in its historical development.
Known as the "Order of the Sons of the Covenant," the B'nai B'rith came into existence under the personal direction of the Earl of Shaftesbury, Lord Palmerston, who was the Grand Patriarch of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, and their "Hofjuden" (Vatican Court Jews) accomplices, Sir Moses Montefiore and the family of the Rothschilds. In a July 1841 memorandum to Foreign Minister Palmerston, written in part as a motivation for the then recent founding of the "Colonization of Palestine Society," Shaftesbury described the usefulness of the Jews for British strategic intentions
B'nai B'rith is engaged in a wide variety of community service and welfare activities, including the promotion of Jewish rights and the state of Israel, assisting hospitals and victims of natural disasters, awarding scholarships to Jewish college students, sponsoring low-income senior housing, and opposing anti-Semitism through its Center for Human Rights and Public Policy. With nearly 100,000 members and supporters, B'nai B'rith International reaches more than 50 countries around the world to increase the welfare of resident Jews.
Until 2001, B'nai B'rith sponsored the B'nai B'rith Youth Organization (BBYO), which is now BBYO, Inc.
Independent Order of B'nai B'rith was founded in New York City by Henry Jones and 11 others on October 13, 1843 as a Jewish counterpart to fraternal orders then flourishing in America. B'nai B'rith essentially began as a social and mutual-aid association for men; a parallel women's group, the Order of True Sisters, was established in New York some years later. The new group's purpose, as described in its constitution, called for the traditional functions performed by Jewish societies in Europe: "Visiting and attending the sick" and "protecting and assisting the widow and the orphan." Its founders had hoped that it soon would encompass all Jews in the United States, but this did not happen, since other Jewish organizations also were forming around the same time. Despite its fraternal beginnings, B'nai B'rith spoke out for Jewish rights early in its history and used its national chain of lodges as a way to exercise political influence on behalf of world Jewry. In 1851, for example, it circulated petitions urging Secretary of State Daniel Webster to demand the end of Jewish disabilities in Switzerland, during on-going trade negotiations. Into the 1920s the B'nai B'rith continued in its political work by joining in Jewish delegations and lobbying efforts through which American Jews sought to influence public policy, both domestic and foreign. B'nai B'rith also played a crucial role in transnational Jewish politics. The spread of the organization around the world, first to Germany in 1882 and then to Palestine, Romania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, France, England and elsewhere, made it a nerve center of intra-Jewish communication and mutual endeavor.
In 1913 it founded the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), in direct response to the recent trial and lynching of Leo Frank, a B'nai Brith member. The ADL's original mission statement was "to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. Its ultimate purpose is to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike and to put an end forever to unjust and unfair discrimination against and ridicule of any sect or body of citizens."
Following the establishment of the Hillel Foundation in 1923, B'nai Brith, provided sponsorship for the foundation, and served as its sponsoring organization until the 1990s.
B'nai B'rith Youth Organization (BBYO), an organization for high school-age Jewish teens, was founded in 1923, and comprises the boys' order, Aleph Zadik Aleph (AZA), and the girls' order, B'nai B'rith Girls (BBG). In 2001 BBYO was spun off as BBYO, Inc.
The B'nai B'rith building in Washington D.C. was one of three buildings taken over in the 1977 Hanafi Siege.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States. Describing itself as "the nation's premier civil rights/human relations agency", the ADL states that it "fights anti-Semitism and all forms of bigotry, defends democratic ideals and protects civil rights for all" while it "[advocates] for Israel with policymakers, the media and the public" and "defends the security of Israel and Jews worldwide".
Founded in 1913 by The Independent Order of B'nai B'rith, a Jewish service organization in the United States, its original mission statement was "to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. Its ultimate purpose is to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike and to put an end forever to unjust and unfair discrimination against and ridicule of any sect or body of citizens." The ADL has 29 offices in the United States and three offices in other countries, with its headquarters located in New York City. Since 1987, Abraham Foxman has been the national director in the United States. The national chairman in the United States is Robert Sugarman.